In partnership with the Art for the Environment Programme (AER), University of the Arts, London
Ranura Edirisinghe’s work sits between art and fashion: Through the use of found, donated and repurposed objects and materials, he has developed a textile-based practice that revitalises craft with improvisation, luxury with junk. The resulting artefacts aim to challenge and inspire in an era of over production.
On his residency he explored the strong traditions of textile manufacturing in the region and made textiles using found materials, which he presented in an exhibition for our ‘Open Studios’ cycle of events. Scroll down to read a comprehensive, illustrated report on the residency written by Ranura. It offers a vivid eye-in on his productive month.
AER The programme explores concerns that define the twenty-first century – biodiversity, environmental sustainability, social economy, human rights – and through their artistic practice, envision a world of tomorrow. It was founded by internationally acclaimed artist Lucy Orta (UAL Chair of Art for the Environment – Centre for Sustainable Fashion) in 2015. Through personal research and studio production time the residency provides a platform for creative individuals working across various disciplines, to imagine and create work that can make an impact on how we interact with the environment and each other.
I visited many textile manufacturers, second-hand shops and craftspeople during my residency and sourced discarded and unwanted materials from the people I met. I met a man called Gregorio and we went to his extraordinary ‘mercato usato’: piles and piles of textiles – old curtains, tablecloths, bedsheets, blankets, I was fascinated by their previous lives, who they belonged to and how they ended up in his hands. I wanted to repurpose these textiles into knitwear and then apply treatments to that knitwear to create different effects. My time in Spoleto really gave me a chance to look at and imagine tangible, sustainable ways of repurposing old textiles in a contemporary fashion context.
For our ‘Open Studios’ event at the end of the residency I scanned the samples I had been working on and presented them as photographs, in varying sizes and arrangements. I didn’t want to show the actual knitwear samples, it was important to remove any sense of ‘making’ or ‘craftiness’ in them. I wanted to create a distance between what I had made and what was actually presented: To try and elevate these samples to being something more impactful – filled with the value of their production time, whilst at the same time being idealised or imagined ideas of themselves.
I created a sense of ambiguity by reducing the textiles to flat photographs: you couldn’t touch and hold each piece or clearly understand what it was made of or how it was made. It left each sample unable to completely communicate the tactility of its surface. This was a deliberate decision that aimed to prompt questions about the place of craft in art and fashion.
Spoleto is located in the province of Umbria which has a rich history for knitwear production and cashmere. I spent my first week visiting textile-based practitioners and factories. I visited the Borzzetti, a weaving workshop and museum located in the gothic church of San Franceso Delle Donne in Perugia. Now in its fourth generation the tradition is continued by Marta and her apprentice, who showed me around her workshop, which makes woven fabrics close to the traditional Perugian designs. It was special to see the nineteenth century jacquard frames that the weaving is done on, I had never seen jacquard weaving done by hand. The process entails using metal punch cards, which are placed on a rotating cylinder: each hole corresponds to the pattern and fabric design – essentially this is the first kind of computer! Designs of flowers, bees, leaves and mythological animals intertwined with the traditional blue and white colours of Perugia tablecloths are woven in linen, cotton, silk and cashmere. Textiles from scenes painted by artists from Giotto to Da Vinci are adapted and re-worked to be made into updated woven designs.
As Marta explained more about the business and the troubles that workshops like hers face, I was thinking about how the fashion house Chanel has acquired a wealth of similar workshops in Paris and throughout France: small scale ateliers known as the savoire-faire specialising in long standing traditions and highly specialised techniques such as feather work crafted by Lemarié (established in 1880) or pleating and embroidery by Les Ateliers Lognon. The acquisition by Chanel allows these ateliers to continue without financial worry and to operate at a loss as the costs are absorbed by Chanel. It made me think how perhaps Italy should have a similar network considering the wealth of Italian fashion brands such as Gucci or Prada.
I also visited a knitwear factory near Spoleto which has specialised in fine gauge knitwear since the 1950s and has a strong commitment to sustainability. The factory produces knitwear for luxury fashion brands such as Celine and Victoria Beckham. Throughout the tour of the factory I could see the owners passion and commitment to introduce more and more sustainable ways of working. The majority of the factory is run on solar power. He explained how green credentials are becoming more important for luxury fashion brands. Conglomerates such as Kering, which is the company that owns brands such as Gucci, Alexander McQueen and Saint Laurent, are demanding better and more stringent green practices. Factories like this one are rising to the challenge on a scale that is not niche and can be tangibly applied to a large-scale, high-end manufacturing process.
For example, the factory uses a rain water system to wash knitwear and uses natural products such as citric acid and vinegar in the washing process instead of chemicals. To be able to see this done in a high-grade factory was amazing and to see simple techniques, like those that I have used for my own university work, used on an industrial scale was really motivating. I was struck by how the factory has had a long-standing awareness of the environment and sustainability. I could see how this has been passed on through the generations, from the founder of the factory to his son who is now the director. Their commitment to what they do felt incredibly authentic.
I also visited a large-scale weaving specialist Pardi. Once again a family business now owned by the children of the founder. For over sixty years the Pardi family have been specialising in the weaving of linens, tablecloths, towels and other homeware. I was shown around by Augusta Pardi, whose father and uncles founded the company in 1949. I had never seen these kind of industrial scale weaving looms, the sound of them all operating inside the factory was intense – such a contrast from the Borzzetti workshop. These industrial machines had a beauty of their own and some could hold up to twenty thousand strands of yarn for designs.
During my residency I had the chance to attend Salone de Mobile, the major design fair in Milan. I had wanted to visit the fair for a long time and was very grateful for the opportunity, which the Mahler & LeWitt Studios facilitated. I wanted to see the innovations in sustainable material presented during the event. An installation by the architect Arthur Mamou-Mani, for the fashion brand COS, was particularly striking: its location in the 16th century Palazzo Isimbardi contrasted well with the geometric, 3D-printed, compostable bio-plastic sculptures. Also, London based design studio Forma-fantasma’s collection of tiles made with a glaze of volcanic ash from Mt. Etna in Sicily showcased the potential of a rarely used natural material.
Finally, visits to the nearby towns of Assisi and Todi were a great insight into learning more about the art history of the local area. The Basilica of Saint Francis is regarded for its use of blue which was pioneering at the time and would later inspire Yves Klein, who had visited in the 50s. I was really stuck by the intensity and the shades of the the blue used and it really informed the textiles I created during my residency.
A brief biography:
Ranura’s installation for the group exhibition Common Ground (Barbican Centre, London, 2018) was a collection of over 100 yarn discs, crocheted by craftspeople in Sri Lanka. The discs were installed around his textile sculptures and were gifted to visitors throughout the duration of the exhibition. Ranura is interested in the practice and preservation of craft and the intergenerational relationships it has served in textile dying and handicraft, whilst examining responses to issues of sustainability and the social economy. He studied fashion at Central St Martins, London (BA 2014-2018, MA 2019-2020). He was the winner of the Samsung Fashion Design Fund Award in 2018 and his work has been reviewed by Hunger Magazine and WWD.